South-east Australia's drought: Numerical modelling and land-atmosphere feedback.

Meng, X.H., J.P. Evans and M.F. McCabe
Proceedings of IAHS Lead Symposia, IUGG2011, Melbourne, Australia, July 2011.


South-eastern Australia covers approximately 14% of Australia land mass, and is very important for Australia’s community and economy. In this work, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional model was run to simulate the severe drought that happened and then (partially) recovered in this region from 2000 through 2008. The model used the following physics schemes: WRF Single Moment 5-class microphysics scheme; the Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTM) longwave radiation scheme; the Dudhia shortwave radiation scheme; Monin-Obukhov surface layer similarity; Noah land-surface scheme; the Yonsei University boundary layer scheme and the Kain-Fritsch cumulus physics scheme. The model simulation uses boundary conditions from the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis with an outer 50km resolution nest and an inner 10km resolution nest. Both nests used 30 vertical levels spaced closer together in the planetary boundary layer.

Key Figure

precipitation differences

Figure 6: Daily average of precipitation in different seasons (Dec, Jan, Feb – DJF; March, Apr, May – MAM; Jun, Jul, Aug – JJA; Sep, Oct, Nov – SON)

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